After building a successful business, many business owners decide that they want to transfer their ownership to the next generation – their children. Too often, those owners assume that a transfer to children will go smoothly and simply, requiring little more than informing their kids of the date they’ll be taking the reins. Owners who assume this do not realize that without planning they can harm their businesses, their business exits, and their long-term relationships with their families.
Without proper exit planning, ownership transfers to children can produce negative consequences in three areas of your life.
It’s likely that your children don’t have the capital to purchase their shares of ownership outright. This means that when transferring to the next generation, you’ll likely need to accept a promissory note and rely on your child or children to maintain or grow the company in order to receive your business’s full sale value. What could go wrong? Well, if your child is not able to run the company as successfully as you did, you may receive less than what you expected from the transfer of your ownership interest. Since the goal of an exit plan is to position you to exit with financial security, transferring ownership to a child without a thoughtful plan can threaten that goal.
Another common problem concerns how you’ll parse your assets between your business-active children and non-business-active children. Transferring ownership shares to non-business-active children can lead to two issues:
First, it can create resentment among any business-active children. If they have worked or are working hard to build the business, they will resent seeing a sibling who did nothing to build the business get a share of their hard work. Second, it can make the inactive children feel forced to do something they have no interest in doing in order to receive their share. In both cases, your company’s cash flow can be affected, potentially harming your ability to exit your business with financial security.
Ownership transfers to children usually require owners to wait longer before receiving full sale value. This means that your finances may be exposed to general business risk for longer. If the company or economy experiences a downturn, you might need to wait longer than you had anticipated to receive the full sale price, which can affect your post-exit plans.
Another time factor that many owners overlook relates to how much time they’ll need to spend training the next generation or refereeing squabbles between them. If your children aren’t ready to run the business without your help, you may find yourself doing more work for longer, which can prevent you from doing other things you want or need to do to achieve your exit goals. Additionally, if you need to mediate fights between children—whether it’s related to who should do what within the business or asset allocation between business-active children and non-business-active children—you may end up spending more time cleaning up messes or, worse, end up having to take the reins back to prevent your children from doing permanent damage.
Although many owners assume that their children will run the business similarly to how they ran it, this isn’t always the case. If a child decides to run your business differently than you did, it can create discord or amplify existing friction among your family members. This can cascade into problems that affect the money you receive and the time you spend in the business.
Differing values can also create hard feelings among in-laws, who might feel that you aren’t treating their interests fairly. In worst-case scenarios, in-laws can use access to grandchildren as bargaining chips to get what they think they deserve out of your ownership transfer.
Business owners often fail to identify the consequences of a poorly coordinated ownership transfer to the next generation until it’s too late. If you’re considering transferring your ownership to your children but aren’t sure whether you’ve addressed these potential problems, contact us today.